What is Open Source?
Open source software is software that promotes the sharing of ideas by allowing redistributing, viewing source, and modification of the software. These rights are protected by an open source license. Most common licenses include the GPL, LGPL, MIT, BSD, and Apache licenses.
What is an Operating System?
An operating system is set of software that allows a computer to run. An operating system usually includes:
- A Kernel
- An Init system
- A shell (A way too interact with the computer)
- Drivers (To interact with hardware)
What is Linux?
Linux is an open source kernel, licensed under the GPL. It was originally developed by Linus Torvalds in 1991.
What is a GNU/Linux distro?
GNU/Linux distros are operating systems that use the open source Linux kernel at their core. Most distros are free of charge, although some cost money. (Their source code is available).
GNU/Linux distros make for great, inexpensive, and secure servers and powerful and configurable desktops. They are inexpensive and easy to upgrade and, contrary to popular belief, support hundreds of well known open source programs such as Firefox and LibreOffice.
Why I use GNU/Linux:
As a rule of thumb, if I can’t modify it, I shouldn’t use it. I use GNU/Linux because it respects freedom, it sharpens problem solving skills, and is highly educational.